police dogs

10 Best Types Of Police Dogs to Know About In 2021

Dogs have been with humans for a very long time. Apart from the cute little things they do and showing love towards us, can they guard us? Are they good enough to be police dogs? 

Yes, a police dog has been trained specifically to assist the police and  Law-enforcement forces. They are trained for searching drugs and explosives, finding evidence, and missing people.

 They are certified trainers for such dogs who train them to their best ability. Normally German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois, Labrador Retrievers have been used commonly around countries.

 Well in different countries, different breeds of dogs have been used depending on the weather, its adaptability, and other reasons.

 Every breed has its pros and cons as they come from different regions. Here are few dog breeds used in Law-Enforcement forces in different countries.


Police Dogs - Dutch shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd is a herding dog of Dutch origin.

 It was used by farmers and shepherds for guarding their cattle, who were able to adapt to the harsh conditions. 

In modern times, Dutch shepherds are being used as police dogs as they are highly intelligent and trainable.

 The Dutch Shepherd makes excellent patrol and detection dogs in many countries. They usually sniff bombs and narcotics.

Lifespan:             It has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years.

 Weight:              It usually weighs around 50 kgs to 70 kgs.

Nature of breed: It’s obedient, loyal, affectionate, alert, and trainable.

GERMAN SHEPHERD – Popular Police Dogs

Police dogs - German Shepard

German shepherds are quite friendly but when it comes to working in police forces, are they good enough?.

 It is a breed of medium to large-size dogs that originate from Germany. They are considered the favorite American breed.

 It’s smart, fearless, enthusiastic, and when it comes to bringing down criminals. 

Lifespan:             They have a lifespan of 9 to 13 years.

Weight:                 It normally weighs around 25 kgs to 40 kgs.

Nature of Breed:    German shepherds are very intelligent, sharp, and capable working dogs 


Police Dogs - Doberman

Doberman Pinscher originated in Germany during the late 19th century, mostly bred as guard dogs. 

They are believed to be a mixture of many dog breeds including the Rottweiler, black and tan terrier, German pinscher. 

It is quite famous in the USA and has a long muzzle. 

Lifespan: Its expected life span is around 10 to 13 years.

Weight: It weighs around 35 to 45 kgs. 

Nature of breed: It is quite intelligent, fearless, energetic, obedient, and alert



Labrador Retriever is of the most popular dog breeds in the world.

 It is a breed of retriever gun dog from the United Kingdom that was developed from imported Canada fishing dogs. 

They have been considered to be guide dogs or subway dogs. 

Lifespan: Its life expectancy is around 10 to 12 yrs. 

Weight: They weigh around 25 to 35 kgs and have a strong human instinct. 

Nature of breed:  It’s kind, intelligent, even-tempered, outgoing, and agile. 


It is a breed of domestic dog. It sizes from medium to large.

 These dogs were known as butcher dogs as well. They used to be police dogs but now they don’t train rottweilers as they are pretty much out of control. 

They are not training any new rottweilers as of now. 

Lifespan:8 – 10 years

Weight: It weighs around 35 to 60 kgs.

Nature of breed: It is fearless, alert, steady, courageous, and devoted. 


Rajapalayam - Police Dogs

It is also known as poligar hound or Indian ghost hound is a south Indian dog breed.

 It hails from Rajapalayam, a town in Virudhunagar District in Tamil Nadu. It is one of the hunting dogs used by herders and one of the popular Indian Dog Breeds.

It was bred to be a hunter. Armed forces and the Indian army on the Kashmir border use these hunting dogs for finding bombs in the forest. 

Lifespan: It has a life span of 10 to 12 yrs. 

Weight: It weighs around 22 to 25 kgs.

Nature of breed: Affectionate and Devoted 


Belgian Shepherd is a medium breed herding dog from Belgium. It’s also known as a super-soldier dog.

 Even though it is a single breed, it has been bred from four different distinct varieties. They are proven to be guarding and police dogs.

 It’s better not to pet this dog because it needs more training as it might be a bit aggressive towards other dogs and children. 

Lifespan: It has a lifespan of 10 to 14 yrs. 

Weight: It weighs around 20 to 30 kgs.

Nature of breed: It is a very energetic and intelligent dog breed.


Bloodhounds are usually large breeds, which are originally bred from hunting deers, wild boar, and since the middle ages for tracking people.

They are used in police forces and law-enforcement forces since they have a strong sense of smell.

People love this dog for its unique appearance and sweet nature.

Lifespan: It has a lifespan of 11-15 years.  

Weight:   It weighs around 35-45 kgs. 

Nature of breed: It’s Affectionate, Stubborn and Even-tempered


Cane Corso is an Italian Breed and is a working dog. These dogs were used as Guard dogs for estates and hunting wild boars. 

It’s a working dog that needs more physical and mental stimulation. These types of dogs need more socialization, Training, and exercise to be given more.  

They are Powerful dogs used in Police Forces to hunt down criminals because of their large-boned muscular bodies. 

Lifespan: It’s expected to be 10-12 years. 

Weight:    It weighs around 40-50 kgs.  

Nature of breed: It is even-tempered, Stable, Trainable, and Calm. 


The American bull terrier is the newest among the police dog in America as police forces have started using this breed because of its aggressive and strong nature. 

It’s a medium-sized, intelligent, short-haired dog. It was originally bred to “Bait Bull” and later these dogs were turned into home dogs. 

It is to be trained a lot, physically and mentally because they can be aggressive sometimes which is difficult to handle. 

Lifespan: It has a lifespan of 8-15 years.

Weight:  It Weighs around 1-30kgs. 

Nature of breed: It is Confident, fearless, athletic, fast, and strong-willed. 

Well there are other police dog breeds that are used in police and law-enforcement forces such as